The Accord on Fire and Building Safety was signed by more than thirty brands just three weeks after the deadly Rana Plaza collapse of 24 April 2013, after years of campaigning by unions and labour organisations to make factories in Bangladesh safe for workers. The Accord has brought crucial improvements to 1,600 factories, ensuring the safety of 2 million garment workers in Bangladesh, who have access to an effective and transparent complaint mechanism allowing them to stand up for their own safety. But the work is not finished. Many factories await initial boiler inspections or final safety improvements, and ongoing inspections are necessary to ensure factories do not slip back into unsafe practices.
This is why the Accord, which expires in October 2023 must be succeeded by a new, at least 10-year, negotiated agreement that safeguards all the elements that enabled its success: international legal enforceability for brands, full transparency of the factory remedation progress, equal sharing of power between companies and unions throughout the governance structures and civil society witnesses. Critically, the obligation for apparel and textile brands to ensure remediations are financially feasible for factories to carry out must be strengthened, and the speed of expansion to other countries must be increased. We expect all current signatory brands to be committed to such a new agreement.
A decade on, still not signing
To mark the ten year anniversary of the Rana Plaza collapse last month, Clean Clothes Campaign teamed up with Remake and petition platform Eko to urge a “dirty dozen” brands to sign the Accord. This petition, addressing Levi’s, IKEA, Amazon and other brands that have failed to join the Accord, has been signed by more than 63,000 people, a number growing every day.
These irresponsible brands steadfastly refuse to prioritise the safety of workers in their supply chain, and instead continue to use corporate-led audits that not only failed to prevent the Rana Plaza collapse, but also the dozens of mass fatalities that happened in Bangladesh prior to 2013. This group of brands even include those whose labels were found in the Rana Plaza rubble: JC Penney, Walmart, The Children’s Place, and French supermarket chain Auchan that signed the first two Accord agreements but opted out ensuring a safe supply chain in 2021. Just last month Auchan’s labels were found in a burnt out, collapsed factory in Pakistan, alongside labels of Hampton by Hilton and Dunnes Homes.
This tragic incident that killed four people illustrates the urgency of ensuring swift implementation of the Accord’s programme in Pakistan, following the decision to expand taken in December 2022. International Accord signatory brands must separately sign the Pakistan Accord to bring their supplier factories in Pakistan under the programme which 55 leading brands have already done. But some brands which have committed to making factories safe for workers in Bangladesh are leaving their workers in Pakistan out in the cold. Boohoo, the Very Group, Lidl, Missguided, Esprit, Kid ASA, Matalan, Target Australia, Fruit of the Loom and New Look all have numerous suppliers in Pakistan but have not yet signed the Pakistan Accord.
President of the National Garment Worker Federation in Bangladesh, Amin Amirul Haque said: “Still many brands sourcing from Bangladesh have not signed the International Accord. As an activist for the garment workers in Bangladesh or for the global South, I urge all brands to sign the International Accord so that in Bangladesh and other production countries the whole supply chain becomes safe for workers.”
Zehra Khan, secretary general of the Home Based Women Workers Federation, said: “We are delighted that the Accord expanded to Pakistan, but it can only be effective if all major brands sourcing from Pakistan join the programme. That is why we urge all apparel and textile brands to care about the safety and health of the workers making their clothes in Pakistan and sign the Pakistan Accord. “