At least 28 more garment workers die in Bangladeshi factory fire
It seems that once again, fire prevention mechanisms and escape routes were not functioning. In the fire, several workers suffocated, while others jumped to their deaths trying to escape the burning building or were trampled by their colleagues as they rushed towards the exits.
The factory was reportedly producing for major international buyers including Gap (confirmed) and Wrangler (VF Corporation), as well as for Hong Kong buying house BF Fashion. It belongs to the well-known Ha-meem (sometimes spelled Hamim) group, one of the biggest manufacturers in the country, which has a dubious labour rights track record. The company is known for unauthorized subcontracting, meaning the factory may have also been producing for brands which are unaware of their production there.
The Clean Clothes Campaign (CCC) and other labour rights organisations have regularly contacted buyers sourcing from Ha-meem about violations of freedom of association and other labour standards at the company's factories. According to the Ha-meem Group website their buyers are presently Walmart, H&M, Next, JC Penney, Kohl's, Squeeze, Sears, Target Store, Charming Shoppes, Carrefour, Inditex, ETAM, Migros and Celio.
First eyewitness reports indicate that at least 2 of the 6 exits were locked, and that this was a common occurrence in the building. The Bangladeshi garment industry is notorious for its chronic safety problems, including locked or inaccessible fire escapes and malfunctioning fire equipment, which often lead to fatal accidents.
Said Scott Nova of the Worker Rights Consortium, "Labor rights organizations have pleaded for years with US and European clothing brands to take aggressive steps to address the grossly substandard fire and building safety practices of their business partners in Bangladesh. The brands have failed to act and, once again, we see the gruesome consequences of this inaction."
Following the deaths of 21 workers in the "Garib and Garib" factory in February of this year, virtually all of the buyers of Hameem group were contacted by the CCC, the International Labour Rights Forum (ILRF), the Worker Rights Consortium (WRC), and the Maquila Solidarity Network (MSN) with a set of recommendations outlining specific measures that should be taken to eliminate the systemic problems underlying these deadly tragedies. "More needs to be done by all concerned to ensure further disasters are prevented" the buyers were told, but brands, employers and the government failed to take the necessary action to avoid these preventable tragedies.
Measures proposed by the labour groups included a thorough review of all multi-story garment production facilities, expert fire safety inspections and ensuring that workers are allowed to report and challenge health and safety violations by supporting their right to organize.
"Workers keep dying while the brands, the government and the employers drag their feet and try to shift the responsibility upon each other" said Ineke Zeldenrust from the CCC. "We've warned the brands repeatedly that this would keep happening again and again, but they've chosen to respond only in a minimal fashion," she added.
The CCC, ILRF, WRC and MSN also call upon the brands sourcing from the Hameem group to make sure that the injured receive all the medical care needed and that they and the relatives of the victims are compensated for current and future loss of income.